Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin | First Editions

1809 - 1882

Charles Robert Darwin, FRS FRGS FLS FZS (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.Darwin published his theory of evolution with compelling evidence in his 1859 book On the Origin of Species, overcoming scientific rejection of earlier concepts of transmutation of species. Darwin has been described as one of the most influential figures in human history; and was honoured by burial in Westminster Abbey.

His five-year voyage on HMS Beagle had established him as an eminent geologist whose observations and theories supported Charles Lyell's uniformitarian ideas; the publication of his journal of the voyage prompted great popularity, making Darwin famous as a popular author.In 1871 he examined human evolution and sexual selection in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, followed by The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. His research on plants was published in a series of books, and in his final book, The Formation of Vegetable Mould, through the Actions of Worms (published 1881), he examined earthworms and their effect on soil.


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