London: J. Johnson, 1807. [Economics] The Fourth Edition. Two volumes. 8vo. 580pp, 484pp + 58pp Index. Bound in twentieth century full speckled calf, with red and black title labels, gilt centre tool to compartments. Speckled edges. Top edge stained black. Internally clean and bright with occasional very light spotting. "Malthus (1766-1834) was one of the founders of modern economics. His Essay was originally the product of a discussion with his father on the perfectibility of society. Malthus senior was a supporter of the utopian views of Godwin and others, but recognised the force of his son's refutation of these views, and urged him to publish. Thus, the first edition was essentially a fighting tract, but later editions were considerably altered and grew bulkier as Malthus defended his views against a host of critics. The Malthusian theory of population came at the right time to harden the existing feeling against the Poor Laws and Malthus was a leading spirit behind the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834." Printing and the Mind of Man. Item #35527
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